SIBERIAN LAW HERALD
ISSN 2071-8136 (print)
ISSN 2071-8144 (online)

List of issues > Siberian Law Herald 2020.

Criminological characteristics of the object of legal protection of the atmosphere from pollution by forest fires

Author(s)
Garmyshev Yaroslav Vladimirovich, Puzikova Anastasya Vitalevna
Abstract
On the basis of system of branch criminal and administrative legislation and law enforcement practice the object of legal protection of atmospheric air on the example of Irkutsk region from polluting toxic substances of products of combustion by forest fires is separated. It is specified that the characteristic of public relations in the field of atmosphere protection is their high degree of uncertainty predetermined by conditions of objective character, underestimation of consequences of implementation of economic activity for the atmosphere and the person. This article describes the main approaches to the establishment of objective features of the composition of environmental offenses from forest fires in order to further improve the sectoral legislation in the field of environmental protection, taking into account the criminological factors; the main legal acts underlying the fight against the analyzed acts. The paper notes that the formation of the legal framework for combating environmental offenses in the field of environmental protection is still significantly behind the elaboration of these tasks at the regional and Federal levels, identified and proposed the appropriate criteria for assessing public danger in establishing at the law enforcement level signs of environmental offenses in the legal assessment of the polluting effects of forest fires. It is established that at the legislative level, no attention is paid to the issues of responsibility for the environmental consequences of technosphere forest fires in terms of gross emissions of pollutants. It is proposed, taking into account the category of danger to the public to determine these impacts, the environmental legislation of Russia, setting them uniform criteria taking into account the developed technique for the assessment of air pollution forest fires and to review at the enforcement level approaches the responsibility for the relevant harm environmental security.
About the Authors
Garmyshev Yaroslav Vladimirovich – Candidate of Juridical Sciences, Associate Professor, Associate Professor of the Department of Criminal Law, Criminology and Criminal Procedure, Institute of Law and State, Baikal State University (11, Lenin st., Irkutsk, 664003, Russian Federation), e-mail: garmyv@mail.ru

Puzikova Anastasya Vitalevna – Graduate Student of Criminal Law, Criminology and Criminal Procedure Department, Institute of Law and State, Baikal State University (11, Lenin st., Irkutsk, 664003, Russian Federation), e-mail: puzikova.av@yandex.ru
For citation
Garmyshev YA.V., Puzikova A.V. Kriminologicheskaya harakteristika ob"ekta pravovoj ohrany atmosfery ot zagryazneniya lesnymi pozharami [Criminological characteristics of the object of legal protection of the atmosphere from pollution by forest fires]. Sibirskij yuridicheskij vestnik [Siberian Law Herald]. 2020, no 2 (89), pp. 61–66. (in Russian).
Keywords
environmental offense, qualification, fires, air pollution
UDC
343.01+343.851.3
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