SIBERIAN LAW HERALD
ISSN 2071-8136 (print)
ISSN 2071-8144 (online)

List of issues > Siberian Law Herald 2020.

The Potential of the Convention concerning the protection of the world cultural and natural heritage for the socio-economic development of Baikal natural territory

Author(s)
Kolobov Roman Yurievich
Abstract
The Convention concerining the Protection of World Cultural and Natural Heritage is the basis of international protection regime of the Lake Baikal. Within the framework of the project on constructing a conception of international legal protection (funded by Russian Fund of Fundamental Research № 20-011-00618 A) it is crucial not only to identify the benefits reached by using the rules of Convention, but to search those perspective instruments that might strengthen the regime of Baikal`s legal protection. The current investigation attempts to identify the unused potential of the Convention in the issues of socio-economic development. The first direction examined in this regard is the regulation of tourism on Baikal natural territory. The bodies of the world heritage protection system pay considerable attention to the development of tourism, that is why these positions may be used when regulating tourism within the world heritage site«Lake Baikal». One of the most important issues in the prossess of normative regulation is the engagement of local communities. The article reveals the existing approaches of the world heritage system to the institutionalization of the engagement of local communities into the site`s management. The provisions of the Convention, the Operational Guidelines, and the decisions of the world heritage Committee are analyzed. The specific attention is paid to the thematic programmes, implemented by the structures of the world heritage protection. The results of the investigation are related to the relevant socio-economic and environmental problems of the lake Baikal. Among the most important findings of the investigation are the usage of sustainable tourism toolkit, developed under the world heritage tourism programme; the application of the world heritage Committee`s legal positions on the development of tourism; the establishment of the local consultative body, representing the position of the the communities on environmental and socio- economic issues of the world heritage site “Lake Baikal”.
About the Authors
Kolobov Roman Yurievich - Candidate of Juridical Sciences, Associate Professor, Law Institute, Irkutsk State University (1, K. Marx st., Irkutsk, 664003, Russian Federation);

East-Siberian Branch of Russian State University of Justice (23a, Ivan Franko st., Irkutsk, 664074, Russian Federation), e-mail: roman.kolobov@gmail.com
For citation
Kolobov R.YU. Potencial konvencii ob ohrane vsemirnogo kul'turnogo i prirodnogo naslediya dlya social'no-ekonomicheskogo razvitiya bajkal'skoj prirodnoj territorii [The Potential of the Convention concerning the protection of the world cultural and natural heritage for the socio-economic development of Baikal natural territory]. Sibirskij yuridicheskij vestnik [Siberian Law Herald]. 2020, no 2 (89), pp. 100–106. (in Russian).
Keywords
Lake Baikal, World Heritage, International Law
UDC
349.6: 341.01
References

1. Kolobov R. YU. Problemy opredeleniya granic ob"ekta vsemirnogo naslediya “Ozero Bajkal”. Sibirskij yuridicheskij vestnik, 2019, no. 2, pp. 113-119. (in Russian)

2. Badman T., Debonnet G. Looking ahead: potential new opportunities for COMPACT to support the World Heritage Convention Brown J., Hay-Edie, Vol. 2013. ‘COMPACT: Engaging Local Commu-nities in the Stewardship of World Heritage’ UNDP. New York, 2013.

3. Brown J., Hay-Edie, T. Engaging Local Communities in Stewardship of World Heritage. A methodology based on COMPACT experience. World Heritage Paper series no. 40. Available at: http://whc.unesco.org/en/series (data obrashcheniya 1 marta 2020 g.). (in English)

4. Buckley R. The Effects of World Heritage Listing on Tourism to Australian National Parks. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 2004, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 70-84. DOI: 10.1080/09669580408667225

5. Cellini R. Is UNESCO recognition effective in fostering tourism? A comment on Yang, Lin and Han. Tourism Management, 2011, vol. 32, no. 2, pp. 452–454. doi:10.1016/j.tourman.2010.01.018.

6. Huang C.-H., Tsaur J.-R., Yang C.-H. Does world heritage list really induce more tourists? Evi-dence from Macau. Tourism Management, 2012, vol. 33, no. 6, pp. 1450–1457. doi:10.1016/j.tourman.2012.01.014

7. Report to APEC on the international workshop: Advancing Sustainable Tourism at Cultural and Natural Heritage Sites. Magao Caves World Heritage Site, China 26-29 September 2009. APEC Tour-ism Working Group. December 2010. Available at: https://aimp2.apec.org/sites/PDB/Supporting Docs/641/Completion Report/TWG 04 09A Report to APEC_Intl Wkshop Advancing Sustainable Tourism.pdf (date of access: March, 1, 2020)

8. Schmutz V., Elliott M. A. Tourism and Sustainability in the Evaluation of World Heritage Sites, 1980-2010. Sustainability, 2016, vol. 8, no. 261, pp. 1-14. Available at: https://doi.org/10.3390/su8030261 (date of access: March, 1, 2020).

9. The UNESCO World Heritage Tourism Programme. Draft Final Report. Evaluation and Future Directions. Available at: https://whc.unesco.org/archive/2010/whc10-34com-inf5F3.pdf (date of ac-cess: March, 1, 2020).

10. Vrabel J. Tourism at UNESCO World Heritage Sites: Protecting Global Treasures and the Travelers Who Seek Them, 46, 3. Case Western Reserve Journal of International Law, 2014, vol. 675, pp. 675-709.


Full text (russian)